After tooth extractions, the alveolar bone that holds the tooth in position atrophies over time. Such atrophy leads to a reduction in bone volume. In cases where the patient has chosen to replace the tooth with an implant, but the volume of the bone is insufficient, a bone graft is indicated to increase the volume of the bone.
Bone augmentation is performed in both the upper and lower jaw. Sinus lift: A sinus lift operation is more often performed in the upper jaw, where with an approach from the oral cavity, the paranasal membrane is mechanically lifted and artificial bone pellets are inserted between the bone and the membrane. After such an operation, there is a recovery period of 5-6 months. Immediately after the operation, a slight edema is expected on the side of the operation, the patient is not recommended to be in high-pressure rooms (for example, flying) for 2 weeks, and antibacterial therapy should be used for 7-10 days.
Lateral bone augmentation: Such bone augmentation is more often indicated for augmentation of the posterior teeth regions of the lower jaw, or for augmentation of the bone volume of the maxillary incisor regions (although other jaw regions are also enlarged in this way). Such transplantation is characterized by the use of either human bone or other material. After the transplantation, similar to other transplantation procedures, it is not recommended to go to the sauna, antibacterial therapy should be used for up to 10 days and the healing period lasts up to 6 months.
Vertical bone augmentation: If the amount of bone is insufficient for the length of the implant, vertical bone augmentation may be indicated. This type of procedure is more complicated because it often involves replacing metal mesh. After the transplantation, similar to other transplantation procedures, it is not recommended to go to the sauna, antibacterial therapy should be used for up to 10 days and the healing period lasts up to 6 months.